Pivotal RabbitMQ, versions 3.7.x prior to 3.7.21 and 3.8.x prior to 3.8.1, and RabbitMQ for Pivotal Platform, 1.16.x versions prior to 1.16.7 and 1.17.x versions prior to 1.17.4, contain a web management plugin that is vulnerable to a denial of service attack. The "X-Reason" HTTP Header can be leveraged to insert a malicious Erlang format string that will expand and consume the heap, resulting in the server crashing.
This is a vulnerability exploitable with network access which means the vulnerable software is bound to
the network stack and the attacker does not require local network access or local access to exploit it.
Such a vulnerability is often termed “remotely exploitable”.
Specialized access conditions or extenuating circumstances do not exist. The following are examples:
The affected product typically requires access to a wide range of systems and users, possibly anonymous an untrusted (e.g., Internet-facing web or mail server).
The affected configuration is default or ubiquitous. The attack can be performed manually and requires little skill or additional information gathering.
The 'race condition' is a lazy one (i.e., it is technically a race but easily winnable).
Authentication is not required to access and exploit the vulnerability.
There is no impact to the confidentiality of the system.
There is no impact to the integrity of the system.
There is reduced performance or interruptions in resource availability. An example is
a network-based flood attack that permits a limited number of successful connections
to an Internet service.