CVE-2019-0232 Details

CVE-2019-0232

Published: 2019-04-15
Last Modified: 2021-06-14
CVE Author: NIST National Vulnerability Database
CVE Assigner: security@apache.org
Summary

When running on Windows with enableCmdLineArguments enabled, the CGI Servlet in Apache Tomcat 9.0.0.M1 to 9.0.17, 8.5.0 to 8.5.39 and 7.0.0 to 7.0.93 is vulnerable to Remote Code Execution due to a bug in the way the JRE passes command line arguments to Windows. The CGI Servlet is disabled by default. The CGI option enableCmdLineArguments is disable by default in Tomcat 9.0.x (and will be disabled by default in all versions in response to this vulnerability). For a detailed explanation of the JRE behaviour, see Markus Wulftange's blog (https://codewhitesec.blogspot.com/2016/02/java-and-command-line-injections-in-windows.html) and this archived MSDN blog (https://web.archive.org/web/20161228144344/https://blogs.msdn.microsoft.com/twistylittlepassagesallalike/2011/04/23/everyone-quotes-command-line-arguments-the-wrong-way/).

Analysis
Common Vulnerability Score System v2.0
Severity High
Base Score 9.3/10
Exploit Score 8.6/10
Access Vector Network
Access Complexity Medium
Authentication None
Impact Score 10/10
Confidentiality Impact Complete
Availability Impact Complete
Integrity Impact Complete
Vector String AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C
Common Vulnerability Score System v3.1
Severity High
Base Score 8.1/10
Exploit Score 2.2/10
Access Vector Network
Access Complexity High
Privileges Required None
Impact Score 5.9/10
Confidentiality Impact High
Availability Impact High
Integrity Impact High
Scope Unchanged
User Interaction None
Vector String CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:H/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H
Products Reported
CPE Vulnerable Start Excluding
References

https://web.archive.org/web/20161228144344/https://blogs.msdn.microsoft.com/twistylittle
https://lists.apache.org/thread.html/5f297a4b9080b5f65a05bc139596d0e437d6a539b25e31d29d0
https://codewhitesec.blogspot.com/2016/02/java-and-command-line-injections-in-windows.ht
https://lists.apache.org/thread.html/a6c87a09a71162fd563ab1c4e70a08a103e0b7c199fc391f1c9
https://lists.apache.org/thread.html/6af47120905aa7d8fe12f42e8ff2284fb338ba141d3b77b8c7c
https://lists.apache.org/thread.html/673b6148d92cd7bc99ea2dcf85ad75d57da44fc322d51f37fb5
https://lists.apache.org/thread.html/52ffb9fbf661245386a83a661183d13f1de2e5779fa23837a08
https://lists.apache.org/thread.html/3d19773b4cf0377db62d1e9328bf9160bf1819f04f988315086
https://lists.apache.org/thread.html/1dd0a59c1295cc08ce4c9e7edae5ad2268acc9ba55adcefa053
https://lists.apache.org/thread.html/dd4b325cdb261183dbf5ce913c102920a8f09c26dae666a9830
https://lists.apache.org/thread.html/96849486813a95dfd542e1618b7923ca945508aaf4a4341f674
http://www.securityfocus.com/bid/107906
https://security.netapp.com/advisory/ntap-20190419-0001/
https://lists.apache.org/thread.html/f4d48b32ef2b6aa49c8830241a9475da5b46e451f964b291c7a
https://www.broadcom.com/support/fibre-channel-networking/security-advisories/brocade-se
http://seclists.org/fulldisclosure/2019/May/4
https://blog.trendmicro.com/trendlabs-security-intelligence/uncovering-cve-2019-0232-a-r
https://wwws.nightwatchcybersecurity.com/2019/04/30/remote-code-execution-rce-in-cgi-ser
https://www.synology.com/security/advisory/Synology_SA_19_17
http://packetstormsecurity.com/files/153506/Apache-Tomcat-CGIServlet-enableCmdLineArgume
https://access.redhat.com/errata/RHSA-2019:1712
https://www.oracle.com/technetwork/security-advisory/cpujul2019-5072835.html
https://www.oracle.com/technetwork/security-advisory/cpuoct2019-5072832.html
https://www.oracle.com/security-alerts/cpujan2020.html
https://lists.apache.org/thread.html/r6d03e45b81eab03580cf7f8bb51cb3e9a1b10a2cc0c6a2d3cc
https://lists.apache.org/thread.html/r6ccee4e849bc77df0840c7f853f6bd09d426f6741247da2b74
https://lists.apache.org/thread.html/r3bbb800a816d0a51eccc5a228c58736960a9fffafa581a2258
https://lists.apache.org/thread.html/r48c1444845fe15a823e1374674bfc297d5008a5453788099ea
https://lists.apache.org/thread.html/raba0fabaf4d56d4325ab2aca8814f0b30a237ab83d8106b115
https://lists.apache.org/thread.html/r9136ff5b13e4f1941360b5a309efee2c114a14855578c3a2cb
https://www.oracle.com/security-alerts/cpuapr2020.html
https://www.oracle.com/security-alerts/cpuApr2021.html

CVE ID
CVE-2019-0232
Published
2019-04-15
Modified
2021-06-14
CVSSv2.0
High
CVSSv3.1
High
PCI Compliance
Fail
US-CERT Alert
No
CWE
CWE-78

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