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Amazon Linux: Security Advisory (ALAS-2015-625)

Information

Severity

Severity

High

Family

Family

Amazon Linux Local Security Checks

CVSSv2 Base

CVSSv2 Base

8.5

CVSSv2 Vector

CVSSv2 Vector

AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:P/I:N/A:C

Solution Type

Solution Type

Vendor Patch

Created

Created

6 years ago

Modified

Modified

7 months ago

Summary

The remote host is missing an update announced via the referenced Security Advisory.

Insight

Insight

A flaw was found in the way OpenSSH handled PAM authentication when using privilege separation. An attacker with valid credentials on the system and able to fully compromise a non-privileged pre-authentication process using a different flaw could use this flaw to authenticate as other users.It was discovered that the OpenSSH sshd daemon did not check the list of keyboard-interactive authentication methods for duplicates. A remote attacker could use this flaw to bypass the MaxAuthTries limit, making it easier to perform password guessing attacks.A use-after-free flaw was found in OpenSSH. An attacker able to fully compromise a non-privileged pre-authentication process using a different flaw could possibly cause sshd to crash or execute arbitrary code with root privileges.

Solution

Solution

Run yum update openssh to update your system.

Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures (CVE)

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1. Download Multipass

sudo snap install multipass

2. Launch a multipass instance

multipass launch -c 2 -m 6G -d 20G -n mageni 20.04 && multipass shell mageni

3. Install Mageni

curl -sL https://www.mageni.net/installation | sudo bash

1. If you don’t have it already, install Brew. Then, to install Multipass simply execute:

brew install --cask multipass

2. Launch a multipass instance

multipass launch -c 2 -m 6G -d 20G -n mageni 20.04 && multipass shell mageni

2. Install Mageni

curl -sL https://www.mageni.net/installation | sudo bash

1. Download the installer for Windows

Note: You need Windows 10 Pro/Enterprise/Education v 1803 or later, or any Windows 10 with VirtualBox

2. Ensure your network is private

Make sure your local network is designated as private, otherwise Windows prevents Multipass from starting.

3. Run the installer

You need to allow the installer to gain Administrator privileges.

4. Launch a multipass instance

multipass launch -c 2 -m 6G -d 20G -n mageni 20.04

5. Log into the multipass instance

multipass shell mageni

6. Install Mageni

curl -sL https://www.mageni.net/installation | sudo bash