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Debian LTS Advisory ([SECURITY] [DLA 1990-1] linux-4.9 security update)

Information

Severity

Severity

Medium

Family

Family

Debian Local Security Checks

CVSSv2 Base

CVSSv2 Base

4.7

CVSSv2 Vector

CVSSv2 Vector

AV:L/AC:M/Au:N/C:C/I:N/A:N

Solution Type

Solution Type

Vendor Patch

Created

Created

2 years ago

Modified

Modified

2 years ago

Summary

The remote host is missing an update for the 'linux-4.9' package(s) announced via the DSA-1990-1 advisory.

Insight

Insight

Several vulnerabilities have been discovered in the Linux kernel that may lead to a privilege escalation, denial of service, or information leak. CVE-2018-12207 It was discovered that on Intel CPUs supporting hardware virtualisation with Extended Page Tables (EPT), a guest VM may manipulate the memory management hardware to cause a Machine Check Error (MCE) and denial of service (hang or crash). The guest triggers this error by changing page tables without a TLB flush, so that both 4 KB and 2 MB entries for the same virtual address are loaded into the instruction TLB (iTLB). This update implements a mitigation in KVM that prevents guest VMs from loading 2 MB entries into the iTLB. This will reduce performance of guest VMs. Further information on the mitigation can be found at < Intel's explanation of the issue can be found at < CVE-2019-0154 Intel discovered that on their 8th and 9th generation GPUs, reading certain registers while the GPU is in a low-power state can cause a system hang. A local user permitted to use the GPU can use this for denial of service. This update mitigates the issue through changes to the i915 driver. The affected chips (gen8 and gen9) are listed at < CVE-2019-0155 Intel discovered that their 9th generation and newer GPUs are missing a security check in the Blitter Command Streamer (BCS). A local user permitted to use the GPU could use this to access any memory that the GPU has access to, which could result in a denial of service (memory corruption or crash), a leak of sensitive information, or privilege escalation. This update mitigates the issue by adding the security check to the i915 driver. The affected chips (gen9 onward) are listed at < CVE-2019-11135 It was discovered that on Intel CPUs supporting transactional memory (TSX), a transaction that is going to be aborted may continue to execute speculatively, reading sensitive data from internal buffers and leaking it through dependent operations. Intel calls this 'TSX Asynchronous Abort' (TAA). For CPUs affected by the previously published Microarchitectural Data Sampling (MDS) issues (CVE-2018-12126, CVE-2018-12127, CVE-2018-12130, CVE-2019-11091), the existing mitigation also mitigates this issue. For processors that are vulnerable to TAA but not MDS, this update disables TSX by default. This mitigation requires updated CPU microcode. An updated intel-microcode package (only available in Debian non-free) will be provided via a future DLA. The updated CPU microcode may also be available as part of a system firmware ('BIOS') update. Further information on the mitigation can be found at < Intel's explanation of the issue can be found at <

Affected Software

Affected Software

'linux-4.9' package(s) on Debian Linux.

Detection Method

Detection Method

Checks if a vulnerable package version is present on the target host.

Solution

Solution

For Debian 8 'Jessie', these problems have been fixed in version 4.9.189-3+deb9u2~deb8u1. We recommend that you upgrade your linux-4.9 packages.

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Citations 1. Costs and Consequences of Gaps in Vulnerability Response, Ponemom Institute 2. Cost of a Data Breach Report 2021, IBM

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