Debian Security Advisory DSA 4120-1 (linux - security update)

Published: 2018-02-21 23:00:00
CVE Author: NIST National Vulnerability Database

CVSS Base Vector:
AV:L/AC:M/Au:N/C:C/I:N/A:N

Solution Type:
Vendor Patch

Detection Type:
Linux Distribution Package

Affected Versions:
linux on Debian Linux

Recommendations:
For the stable distribution (stretch), these problems have been fixed in version 4.9.82-1+deb9u2. We recommend that you upgrade your linux Linux Distribution Packages. For the detailed security status of linux please refer to its security tracker page linked in the references.

Summary:
Several vulnerabilities have been discovered in the Linux kernel that may lead to a privilege escalation, denial of service or information leaks. CVE-2017-5715 Multiple researchers have discovered a vulnerability in various processors supporting speculative execution, enabling an attacker controlling an unprivileged process to read memory from arbitrary addresses, including from the kernel and all other processes running on the system. This specific attack has been named Spectre variant 2 (branch target injection) and is mitigated in the Linux kernel for the Intel x86-64 architecture by using the retpoline compiler feature which allows indirect branches to be isolated from speculative execution. CVE-2017-5754 Multiple researchers have discovered a vulnerability in Intel processors, enabling an attacker controlling an unprivileged process to read memory from arbitrary addresses, including from the kernel and all other processes running on the system. This specific attack has been named Meltdown and is addressed in the Linux kernel on the powerpc/ppc64el architectures by flushing the L1 data cache on exit from kernel mode to user mode (or from hypervisor to kernel). This works on Power7, Power8 and Power9 processors. CVE-2017-13166 A bug in the 32-bit compatibility layer of the v4l2 IOCTL handling code has been found. Memory protections ensuring user-provided buffers always point to userland memory were disabled, allowing destination address to be in kernel space. This bug could be exploited by an attacker to overwrite kernel memory from an unprivileged userland process, leading to privilege escalation. CVE-2018-5750 An information leak has been found in the Linux kernel. The acpi_smbus_hc_add() prints a kernel address in the kernel log at every boot, which could be used by an attacker on the system to defeat kernel ASLR. Additionnaly to those vulnerability, some mitigations for CVE-2017-5753 are included in this release. CVE-2017-5753 Multiple researchers have discovered a vulnerability in various processors supporting speculative execution, enabling an attacker controlling an unprivileged process to read memory from arbitrary addresses, including from the kernel and all other processes running on the system. This specific attack has been named Spectre variant 1 (bounds-check bypass) and is mitigated in the Linux kernel architecture by identifying vulnerable code sections (array bounds checking followed by array access) and replacing the array access with the speculation-safe array_index_nospec() function. More use sites will be added over time.

Detection Method:
This check tests the installed software version using the apt Linux Distribution Package manager.

NIST (National Institute of Standards and Technology) NVD (National Vulnerability Database)

https://nvd.nist.gov/vuln/detail/CVE-2017-13166
https://nvd.nist.gov/vuln/detail/CVE-2017-5715
https://nvd.nist.gov/vuln/detail/CVE-2017-5753
https://nvd.nist.gov/vuln/detail/CVE-2017-5754
https://nvd.nist.gov/vuln/detail/CVE-2018-5750

References:

https://www.debian.org/security/2018/dsa-4120.html
https://security-tracker.debian.org/tracker/linux

Severity
Medium
CVSS Score
4.7
Published
2018-02-21
Modified
2019-03-18
Category
Debian Local Security Checks

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