cPanel before 220.127.116.11 allows arbitrary file-chown and file-chmod operations during Roundcube database conversions (SEC-79).
This is a vulnerability exploitable with network access which means the vulnerable software is bound to
the network stack and the attacker does not require local network access or local access to exploit it.
Such a vulnerability is often termed “remotely exploitable”.
Specialized access conditions or extenuating circumstances do not exist. The following are examples:
The affected product typically requires access to a wide range of systems and users, possibly anonymous an untrusted (e.g., Internet-facing web or mail server).
The affected configuration is default or ubiquitous. The attack can be performed manually and requires little skill or additional information gathering.
The 'race condition' is a lazy one (i.e., it is technically a race but easily winnable).
One instance of authentication is required to access and exploit the vulnerability.
There is total information disclosure, resulting in all system files being revealed. The
attacker is able to read all of the system's data (memory, files, etc.).
There is a total compromise of system integrity. There is a complete loss of system
protection, resulting in the entire system being compromised. The attacker is able to
modify any files on the target system.
There is no impact to the availability of the system.